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安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph

作者:世事温柔 下载:word格式

  • 目录
  • 2.1cephadm介绍
  • 2.2 相关概念介绍
  • 2.3放置规范介绍
  • 3.1部署环境要求
  • 3.2 本次实验环境
  • 5.1下载cephadm脚本
  • 5.2引导单群集Ceph安装
  • 5.3 添加主机
  • 5.4 添加OSD
  • 5.5 查看Ceph部署服务
  • 5.6 部署RGW
  • 5.7 部署Cephfs
  • 5.8 部署NFS
  • 5.9 部署iSCSi
  • 5.10 添加rbd-mirror
  • 5.11 部署cephfs-mirror
  • 5.12 添加ingress
1.前言

在一年前的写的文章中我提到了cephadm安装工具,那会刚出来有不少功能还无法安装,经过一年的时间的等待,一个月前发再ceph 16版本基本功能都差不多了,就开始了cephadm的研究,但因为是想写一个比较全面的文章,不像现有网上的文章只有基本的一些功能,所以在研究iscsi和ingress安装的时候遇到了些问题,安装过数十次也未解决,在前段时候ceph出了最新的ceph 16.2.5版本,终于所有功能都正常了,才有了本篇文章。

PS:个人感悟,如没有必要还是不要研究比较新的开源的软件,太折腾太累,新的东西总可能有些BUG。

2.cephadm介绍22.1cephadm介绍

Cephadm 是随着 Ceph 新版本 v15.2.0(Octopus)发布的安装工具,并且不支持 Ceph的旧版本,Ceph中已经Cephadm 不依赖于外部配置工具,如 Ansible、 Rook 和 Salt,它通过 SSH 将管理器守护进程连接到主机来实现这一点。管理器守护进程可以添加、删除和更新 Ceph 容器。

Redhat Ceph 5和SUSE Ceph 7的最新版本中也已经使用了Cephadm,所以Cephadm是Ceph的安装工具的未来,并且现在Cephadm也差不多已经成熟可用了,像NFS iSCSI服务官方也宣称已经稳定可用,未来也会加入CIFS等服务,其他功能也在不停地完善中,所以是时候系统的学习下Cephadm了。

通过下图可以看出ceph新版本中的部署架构,通过一个编排接口,可以向下对接rook和cephadm两种编排工具,向上通过命令行"ceph orch"或ceph dashboard实现编排。

其实这个编排和我们理解中的容器编排是相同的,我们可以理解成Cephadm就是一个迷你版本的kubernetes,当然rook有点不同,rook可以理解成一种对接kubernetes编排的中间层,实际编排还是由kubernetes实现,而Cephadm是自己就实现了一些调度编排的逻辑。

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cephadm绘图-第 4 页

两种编排工具支持的功能上是有些差别的,具体差别如下表所示:

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  • ⚪ = not yet implemented
  • ❌ = not applicable
  • ✔ = implemented

Cepdm 管理 Ceph 集群的整个生命周期。这个生命周期从引导过程开始,当 cephdm 在单个节点上创建一个单节点的 Ceph 集群时。这个集群由一个MON和一个MGR组成。

在创建了单节点的Ceph集群后,Cephadm 然后会使用编排接口(“ day 2”命令)扩展集群,添加相应主机并部署相应的 Ceph 守护进程(daemons )和服务( services)。这个动作可以通过 Ceph 命令行界面(CLI)或者通过仪表板(GUI)来执行。

cephadm还在开发完善中,有些功能是文档方面没有很完善,比如,RWG,有些功能方面是没有最终确定思路,将来可能有大的变化,比如,ingress(之前叫rgw-ha),cephfs-mirror等。

32.2 相关概念介绍

上文中提到了两个名词servicet和daemon,这两个概念在cephadm中很重要,会贯穿整个ceph的生命周期的管理中。在之前的ceph-deploy中没有这个概念,当我们要部署三个MON的话,我们会在三台主机上分别部署三个MON进程,在cephadm中由于引入了编排,当我们部署一个高可用的MON服务时,会说我要部署一个mon service,但实际还是得由三个容器去承载mon,这里还引出另一个问题,这三个承载MON的容器是启动在一台主机上还是启动在三台主机上,这个就是由“放置规范”决定的了(后面我们会将放置规范),servcie和deamon的关系其实就如下图所示:

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cephadm-servcie-第 2 页

42.3放置规范介绍

上文中提示放置规范也就是部署一个Servcie,会有几个Deamon,这几个Deamon是在哪几台主机上,这就是放置规范需要规定的内容,编排调度再根据放置规范具体调度,cephadm总共有5种放置规范,如下:

  1. 明确指定匹配: 就是直接指定主机名,Deamon将直接部署到该主机上。
  2. 标签匹配: 就是在加主机的时候给主机加个标签,部署的时候Deamon将会部署到打了标签的主机上。
  3. 模式匹配: 比如prometheus是需要在每一台主机上部署的,这时候可以使用*匹配所示,那会就会在的所有主机上部署Deamon。
  4. 指定数量匹配: 就是直接指定部署Deamon的数量,由cephadm调度机制自动决定部署到哪些主机上。
  5. 还有一种特殊的匹配,就是禁用自动部署Deamon服务,改为人工部署。
  6. 以上5种模式都可以能完命令或YAM配置文件的方式定义调度放置规范。

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4456

让我们实现看下Cephadm服务的展示,下图中PLACEMENT 中*表示部署在所有主机, count:1 表示使用了指定数量匹配,ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 表示直接使用了明确指定匹配, RUNNING表示实现期望运行的Deamon和正在运行的Deamon比例,如mon显示3/5 表示mon默认指定了5个Deamon,但现在只有3台主机,所有只有3个在运行,当然这个期望数量也是可以修改的, PORTS 表示该Service暴露的IP和端口。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 4m ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 4m ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 4m ago 3d count:1 ingress.nfs.nfs 192.168.149.201:2050,1968 6/6 4m ago 6h count:3 ingress.rgw.rgw 192.168.149.200:8080,1967 6/6 4m ago 6h count:3 iscsi.gw 3/3 4m ago 7h ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 mds.cephfs 3/3 4m ago 7h count:3 mgr 2/2 4m ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 4m ago 3d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 4m ago 7h count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 4m ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 4m ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 4m ago 3d count:1 rbd-mirror 3/3 4m ago 7h count:3 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 4m ago 7h count:3

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注意事项

如果想修改默认mon数量,可以使用ceph orch appy mon 3,如果想单独指定mon部署到某几台主机上,想禁用自动部署,可以使用ceph orch apply mon --unmanaged

3.部署环境要求53.1部署环境要求

Cehpadm需要有如下软件安装在系统中。

  • Python 3
  • Systemd
  • Podman or Docker(如果使用podman会有兼容要求,兼容要求下图所示:) image-20210717182016648
  • chrony or NTP
  • lvm2
63.2 本次实验环境

序号 类型 版本 1 OS CentOS 8.3(mini) 2 Podman 3.0.2-dev 3 Ceph Pacific (16.2.5) 4 Python 3.6.8

序号 主机名 磁盘(20GB) 角色 1 ceph1 sdb,sdd,sdc cephadm,mon,mgr,osd,rgw,nfs,cephfs,iscsi,prometheus,grafana,rbd-mirror,cephfs-mirror,nfs-ingress,rgw-ingress 2 ceph2 sdb,sdd,sdc mon,mgr,osd,rgw,nfs,cephfs,iscsi,prometheus,grafana,rbd-mirror,cephfs-mirror,nfs-ingress,rgw-ingress 3 ceph3 sdb,sdd,sdc mon,mgr,osd,rgw,nfs,cephfs,iscsi,prometheus,grafana,rbd-mirror,cephfs-mirror,nfs-ingress,rgw-ingress

4.部署准备工作

lvm因为系统自带的都有,所以就不用单独安装了,

#dnf install epel-release -y #dnf install python3 -y #dnf install podman -y #dnf install -y chrony #systemctl start chronyd && systemctl enable chronyd

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注意事项

chrony时间服务为必须安装,具体有2点原因:1为不安装在添加主机的时候会报错,2为即使安装成功ceph -s会也提示时间不同步!

关闭防火墙和SELinux

#systemctl start chronyd && systemctl enable chronyd #systemctl disable firewalld && systemctl stop firewalld #setenforce 0 #sed -i "s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config

(可选)如果在安装系统的时候就设置过短主机名,就可以不用这一步骤。

#hostnamectl set-hostname ceph1 #hostnamectl set-hostname ceph2 #hostnamectl set-hostname ceph3

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注意事项

cephadm需要主机名为短主机名,不能为FQDN,否则在添加主机会报错!

添加hosts文件中的主机名和IP关系,主机名需要和上面一致

# cat /etc/hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 ::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6 192.168.149.128 ceph1 192.168.149.145 ceph2 192.168.149.146 ceph3

配置时间同步

配置Ceph1节点为ntp server。

#vi /etc/chrony.conf allow 192.168.123.0/24 #systemctl restart chronyd

配置其它Ceph2,Ceph3节点为ntp client。

#vi /etc/chrony.conf server ceph-admin iburst #systemctl restart chronyd

在Ceph2和Ceph3确认配置是否成功。

#chronyc sources 210 Number of sources = 4 MS Name/IP address Stratum Poll Reach LastRx Last sample =============================================================================== ^* ceph-admin 3 9 0 68m 39us[ 45us] /- 18ms ^- time.cloudflare.com 3 10 352 49m 5653us[ 5653us] /- 71ms ^? de-user.deepinid.deepin.> 3 10 21 21m -2286us[-2286us] /- 97ms ^? 2402:f000:1:416:101:6:6:> 0 6 0 - 0ns[ 0ns] /- 0ns

5.部署Ceph75.1下载cephadm脚本

下载cephadm脚本,并安装相应版本的容器源。

#curl --silent --remote-name --location https://github.com/ceph/ceph/raw/pacific/src/cephadm/cephadm #chmod x cephadm #./cephadm add-repo --release pacific #./cephadm install #./cephadm install ceph-common

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注意事项

官方文档中还提到了另一种安装cephadm方式,就是通过dnf install -y cephadm安装,实践证明最好不要使用这种方式,这种方式安装的cephadm可能不是最新版本的,但cephadm去拉的容器版本又是最新的,会导致两个版本不一致!

查看编排后端是cephadm,如果是使用的rook这里后端显示的就是rook。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch status Backend: cephadm Available: Yes Paused: No

85.2引导单群集Ceph安装

开始通过cephadm “引导”一个单节点Ceph集群起来,示意图如下:

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第9张-科技-醋百科

333

[root@ceph1 ~]# cephadm bootstrap --mon-ip 192.168.149.128 Verifying podman|docker is present... Verifying lvm2 is present... Verifying time synchronization is in place... Unit chronyd.service is enabled and running Repeating the final host check... podman|docker (/usr/bin/podman) is present systemctl is present lvcreate is present Unit chronyd.service is enabled and running Host looks OK Cluster fsid: 36e7a21c-e3f7-11eb-8960-000c299df6ef Verifying IP 192.168.149.128 port 3300 ... Verifying IP 192.168.149.128 port 6789 ... Mon IP `192.168.149.128` is in CIDR network `192.168.149.0/24` - internal network (--cluster-network) has not been provided, OSD replication will default to the public_network Pulling container image docker.io/ceph/ceph:v16... Ceph version: ceph version 16.2.5 (0883bdea7337b95e4b611c768c0279868462204a) pacific (stable) Extracting ceph user uid/gid from container image... Creating initial keys... Creating initial monmap... Creating mon... Waiting for mon to start... Waiting for mon... mon is available Assimilating anything we can from ceph.conf... Generating new minimal ceph.conf... Restarting the monitor... Setting mon public_network to 192.168.149.0/24 Wrote config to /etc/ceph/ceph.conf Wrote keyring to /etc/ceph/ceph.client.admin.keyring Creating mgr... Verifying port 9283 ... Waiting for mgr to start... Waiting for mgr... mgr not available, waiting (1/15)... mgr not available, waiting (2/15)... mgr not available, waiting (3/15)... mgr is available Enabling cephadm module... Waiting for the mgr to restart... Waiting for mgr epoch 5... mgr epoch 5 is available Setting orchestrator backend to cephadm... Generating ssh key... Wrote public SSH key to /etc/ceph/ceph.pub Adding key to root@localhost authorized_keys... Adding host ceph1... Deploying mon service with default placement... Deploying mgr service with default placement... Deploying crash service with default placement... Enabling mgr prometheus module... Deploying prometheus service with default placement... Deploying grafana service with default placement... Deploying node-exporter service with default placement... Deploying alertmanager service with default placement... Enabling the dashboard module... Waiting for the mgr to restart... Waiting for mgr epoch 13... mgr epoch 13 is available Generating a dashboard self-signed certificate... Creating initial admin user... Fetching dashboard port number... Ceph Dashboard is now available at: URL: https://ceph1:8443/ User: admin Password: dqhiov5x4v Enabling client.admin keyring and conf on hosts with "admin" label You can access the Ceph CLI with: sudo /usr/sbin/cephadm shell --fsid 36e7a21c-e3f7-11eb-8960-000c299df6ef -c /etc/ceph/ceph.conf -k /etc/ceph/ceph.client.admin.keyring Please consider enabling telemetry to help improve Ceph: ceph telemetry on For more information see: https://docs.ceph.com/docs/pacific/mgr/telemetry/ Bootstrap complete.

引导完成一个单节点群集,程序会做如下事情:

  • 在本地主机上为新集群创建monitor 和 manager daemon守护程序。
  • 为Ceph集群生成一个新的SSH密钥,并将其添加到root用户的/root/.ssh/authorized_keys文件中。
  • 将与新群集进行通信所需的最小配置文件保存到/etc/ceph/ceph.conf。
  • 向/etc/ceph/ceph.client.admin.keyring写入client.admin管理secret key的副本。
  • 将public key的副本写入/etc/ceph/ceph.pub。

完成后记录以上了IP以及用户和密码,打开Ceph Dashboard并根据提示修改密码,打开后提示要激活计量模块。

(可选)如果忘记记录密码可以通过以下方法重置密码(将密码写入password文件中,通过命令导入密码)

ceph dashboard ac-user-set-password admin -i password {"username": "admin", "password": "$2b$12$6oFrEpssXCzLnKTWQy5fM.YZwlHjn8CuQRdeSSJR9hBGgVuwGCxoa", "roles": ["administrator"], "name": null, "email": null, "lastUpdate": 1620495653, "enabled": true, "pwdExpirationDate": null, "pwdUpdateRequired": false}

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image-20210717120935815

根据向导激活完成。

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image-20210717121059540

如果Ceph Dashboard中错过了启用,也可以使用命令启用,命令是“ceph telemetry on --license sharing-1-0”。

95.3 添加主机

上文中提示了在引导成功单节点Ceph群集后会引导程序会将public key的副本写入/etc/ceph/ceph.pub,在添加主机节点前需要将该key分发到要加入群集的主机上,示意图如下所示:

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444

[root@ceph1 ~]# ssh-copy-id -f -i /etc/ceph/ceph.pub root@ceph2/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/etc/ceph/ceph.pub"The authenticity of host 'ceph2 (192.168.149.145)' can't be established.ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:1fioQmugbtBCiRuwNNKr/aa3Z/hm5zeqUrIfOZi2nS8.Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yesroot@ceph2's password: Number of key(s) added: 1Now try logging into the machine, with: "ssh 'root@ceph2'"and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.[root@ceph1 ~]# ssh-copy-id -f -i /etc/ceph/ceph.pub root@ceph3/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/etc/ceph/ceph.pub"The authenticity of host 'ceph3 (192.168.149.146)' can't be established.ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:eBmb4q2ptVYS55njTzmQYCNo4p3yguNi85nHyAuR4XU.Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yesroot@ceph3's password: Number of key(s) added: 1Now try logging into the machine, with: "ssh 'root@ceph3'"and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.

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111

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch host add ceph2 192.168.149.145Added host 'ceph2' with addr '192.168.149.145'[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch host add ceph3 192.168.149.146Added host 'ceph3' with addr '192.168.149.146'

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注意事项

注意这里添加主机有时候不用写IP地址是不能添加的,网上有些文章是没写IP的,但有些情况下不加IP会报错,所以还是直接加上,并且官方文档中也是加的IP的!

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch host ls HOST ADDR LABELS STATUS ceph1 192.168.149.128 _admin ceph2 192.168.149.145 ceph3 192.168.149.146

105.4 添加OSD

添加OSD需求满足以下所有条件:

  • 设备必须没有分区。
  • 设备不得具有任何LVM状态。
  • 不得安装设备。
  • 该设备不得包含文件系统。
  • 该设备不得包含Ceph BlueStore OSD。
  • 设备必须大于5 GB。

添加OSD有2种方式,1为自动添加所有满足条件的OSD。

#ceph orch apply osd --all-available-devices

2为通过手工指定的方式添加OSD。

#ceph orch daemon add osd ceph1:/dev/sdb

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本次使用第一种自动部署的方式,部署完成后查看设备列表,显示为NO就完成了。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch device ls Hostname Path Type Serial Size Health Ident Fault Available ceph1 /dev/sdb hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph1 /dev/sdc hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph1 /dev/sdd hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph2 /dev/sdb hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph2 /dev/sdc hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph2 /dev/sdd hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph3 /dev/sdb hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph3 /dev/sdc hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No ceph3 /dev/sdd hdd 21.4G Unknown N/A N/A No

115.5 查看Ceph部署服务

命令行查看Ceph状态正常。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph -s cluster: id: 36e7a21c-e3f7-11eb-8960-000c299df6ef health: HEALTH_OK services: mon: 3 daemons, quorum ceph1,ceph2,ceph3 (age 8s) mgr: ceph1.nwbihh(active, since 3d), standbys: ceph2.ednijf osd: 9 osds: 9 up (since 3s), 9 in (since 3d) data: pools: 1 pools, 1 pgs objects: 0 objects, 0 B usage: 48 MiB used, 180 GiB / 180 GiB avail pgs: 1 active clean

我们打开dashboard看下,监控而不能显示。

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image-20210717162056574

其实这个原因是使用了https,又没有安全证书,所有不能显示。

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image-20210717162132879

我们只需求通过浏览器直接打开grafana地址,手工点击“接受风险并继续”再回到Ceph Dashboard中再查看就正常了。

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image-20210717162237683

可以看到监控显示正常了。

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image-20210717162315766

可以看到告警模块也自动集成了,这点不会像之前Ceph-deploy安装方式使用那复杂的步骤手工集成了。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第20张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717162350611

iSCSI还是没有自动集成。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第21张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717162437984

rbd-mirror服务没有启用。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第22张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717162509603

NFS也没有集成。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第23张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717162528974

Cephfs也没有部署。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第24张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717162545960

RGW也没有集成。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第25张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717162606723

下面我们逐步一个个部署集成这些服务。

125.6 部署RGW

使用指定数量匹配模式部署。

#ceph orch apply rgw rgw --placement=3

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第26张-科技-醋百科

333

通过Service查看命令ceph orch ls查看该服务状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 10m ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 10m ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 10m ago 3d count:1 mgr 2/2 10m ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 10m ago 3d count:5 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 10m ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 10m ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 10m ago 3d count:1 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 1s ago 12s count:3

通过Deamon查看命令ceph orch ps查看该进程状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 25.4M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f 32812d14049d crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 2675k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 4e28e82a2c92 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 12.3M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 45e02925199a crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 12.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e98dc6157ba2 grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 54.0M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd df3a2a73271c mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 428M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 8210247b8cef mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 399M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd cf556f5d2527 mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 475M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd eef3a01cca72 mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 293M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 4130307d82f2 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 261M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd fa0cdd7af8a9 node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 14.9M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 3fc396d01969 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 11.3M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 2b0081864a94 node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 11.2M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 73a7bbe0831c osd.0 ceph2 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 41.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2046f2cc358e osd.1 ceph3 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 45.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 09058507fe6e osd.2 ceph1 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 33.0M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 80d58366f0dc osd.3 ceph2 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 42.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 63654f9d8082 osd.4 ceph3 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 43.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d3a82429878d osd.5 ceph1 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 31.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd ebfc2a71bc3c osd.6 ceph2 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 38.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 235189a4bd54 osd.7 ceph3 running (3d) 34s ago 3d 44.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd b7f8a457a3b1 osd.8 ceph1 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 33.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd eb1bf3e567fd prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (3d) 30s ago 3d 81.5M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 4da5a8d98259 rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (43s) 30s ago 42s 48.0M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 20fb488d35ad rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (40s) 34s ago 40s 40.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e9c9538b064e rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (37s) 34s ago 37s 41.8M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 75e93ef56bb7

集成到dashboard

#radosgw-admin user create --uid=rgw --display-name=rgw --system "keys": [ { "user": "rgw", "access_key": "M0XRR80H4AGGE4PP0A5B", "secret_key": "Tbln48sfIceDGNill5muCrX0oMCHrQcl2oC9OURe" } ], ......

记录access_key和secret_key的值保存为 access_key.txt 和secret_key.txt ,通过命令集成到dahsboard中。

#ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-access-key -i access_key.txt Option RGW_API_ACCESS_KEY updated #ceph dashboard set-rgw-api-secret-key -i secret_key.txt Option RGW_API_SECRET_KEY updated

在Ceph Dashboard中看到RGW已经集成成功(看官方文档未来Cephadm安装会自动集成到Ceph Dashboard中,不像现在还需要手动集成)。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第27张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717164724797

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第28张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717164738030

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第29张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717164753742

135.7 部署Cephfs

部署cephfs服务并创建cepfs,创建cephfs有两种方式,一种是使用的是ceph fs命令该命令会自动创建相应的池,另一种手工创建池并创建Service,下面方法任选一种。

#ceph fs volume create cephfs --placement=3

#ceph osd pool create cephfs_data 32 #ceph osd pool create cephfs_metadata 32 #ceph fs new cephfs cephfs_metadata cephfs_data #ceph orch apply mds cephfs --placement=3

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第30张-科技-醋百科

444

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 1s ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 5s ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 1s ago 3d count:1 mds.cephfs 3/3 5s ago 15s count:3 mgr 2/2 5s ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 5s ago 3d count:5 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 5s ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 5s ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 1s ago 3d count:1 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 5s ago 21m count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 31.9M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f 66918f633189 crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 6287k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbe00b18ef37 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 7889k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c24dcd762121 crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 10.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd eed1c74352f0 grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 70.5M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd cbbfae0f90e4 mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (44s) 32s ago 43s 24.0M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f668ab1ad9bb mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (41s) 36s ago 41s 19.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8bb9979aca2 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (39s) 36s ago 39s 19.8M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d0fd9a78c1d8 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 480M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 90bd2d0704b3 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 468M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9b69c446355f mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 139M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 736fd1630a06 mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 108M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 629bc53c8992 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 125M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 1b56b8a0d9ac node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 23.3M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 3664470b1641 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 24.9M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 140f7e84ba38 node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 24.8M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf de98304ceaea osd.0 ceph2 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 59.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6ebce33417c2 osd.1 ceph3 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 82.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6d43f1b7bfde osd.2 ceph1 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 56.0M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 07d1183306d1 osd.3 ceph2 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 67.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a77d771d3e6d osd.4 ceph3 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 48.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 3d82752a8fb1 osd.5 ceph1 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 61.6M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6f7b5df090d5 osd.6 ceph2 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 59.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f769655adc7 osd.7 ceph3 running (7m) 36s ago 3d 51.9M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 24d63cd18dde osd.8 ceph1 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 44.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 667fb8831e53 prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (7m) 32s ago 3d 97.0M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 f67fbc035cba rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (7m) 32s ago 22m 71.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c8e1c9701010 rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (7m) 36s ago 22m 82.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8ba326c22b8 rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (7m) 36s ago 22m 81.4M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d89c2b87e8e4

查看Ceph Dashboard中状态。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第31张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717165017471

145.8 部署NFS

先创建nfs所需求的池。

#ceph osd pool create ganesha_data 32 #ceph osd pool application enable ganesha_data nfs

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第32张-科技-醋百科

555

部署nfs Service。

#ceph orch apply nfs nfs ganesha_data --placement=3

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 3s ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 8s ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 3s ago 3d count:1 mds.cephfs 3/3 8s ago 3m count:3 mgr 2/2 8s ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 8s ago 3d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 8s ago 28s count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 8s ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 8s ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 3s ago 3d count:1 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 8s ago 25m count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 28.9M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f 66918f633189 crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 5628k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbe00b18ef37 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 7889k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c24dcd762121 crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 10.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd eed1c74352f0 grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 70.6M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd cbbfae0f90e4 mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (3m) 27s ago 3m 26.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f668ab1ad9bb mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (3m) 33s ago 3m 21.4M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8bb9979aca2 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (3m) 33s ago 3m 21.7M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d0fd9a78c1d8 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 489M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 90bd2d0704b3 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 468M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9b69c446355f mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 126M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 736fd1630a06 mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 119M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 629bc53c8992 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 135M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 1b56b8a0d9ac nfs.nfs.0.0.ceph1.ufsfpf ceph1 *:2049 running (47s) 27s ago 47s 50.5M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 8af0f7d10e2b nfs.nfs.1.0.ceph2.blgraz ceph2 *:2049 running (42s) 33s ago 41s 27.4M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd d2e2238859e8 nfs.nfs.2.0.ceph3.edjscz ceph3 *:2049 running (36s) 33s ago 36s 27.2M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 31e148631f9f node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 22.6M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 3664470b1641 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (11m) 33s ago 3d 24.9M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 140f7e84ba38 node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 25.0M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf de98304ceaea osd.0 ceph2 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 62.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6ebce33417c2 osd.1 ceph3 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 85.9M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6d43f1b7bfde osd.2 ceph1 running (10m) 27s ago 3d 52.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 07d1183306d1 osd.3 ceph2 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 71.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a77d771d3e6d osd.4 ceph3 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 52.1M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 3d82752a8fb1 osd.5 ceph1 running (10m) 27s ago 3d 56.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6f7b5df090d5 osd.6 ceph2 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 61.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f769655adc7 osd.7 ceph3 running (10m) 33s ago 3d 54.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 24d63cd18dde osd.8 ceph1 running (10m) 27s ago 3d 46.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 667fb8831e53 prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (11m) 27s ago 3d 97.2M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 f67fbc035cba rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (11m) 27s ago 25m 62.2M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c8e1c9701010 rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (11m) 33s ago 25m 83.3M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8ba326c22b8 rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (10m) 33s ago 25m 81.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d89c2b87e8e4

查看Ceph Dashboard状态。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第33张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717165333310

155.9 部署iSCSi

创建iscsi所需求的池。

#ceph osd pool create iscsi_pool 32 32 #ceph osd pool application enable iscsi_pool iscsi

前面几个我们都是通过命令指定放置规范,由于iscsi配置的参数有点多,所以部署iscsi我们换YAM方式(当初iscsi也支持命令指定方式)。

#vi iscsi.yaml service_type: iscsi service_id: gw placement: hosts: - ceph1 - ceph2 - ceph3 spec: pool: iscsi_pool trusted_ip_list: "192.168.149.128,192.168.149.145,192.168.149.146" api_user: admin api_password: admin api_secure: false

通过apply命令部署,看到apply熟悉kuernetes就很明白他的意思了,cephadm也是声明式的,所以如果想修改配置参数只需要直接修改YAML文件,再apply就可以了。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch apply -i iscsi.yaml Scheduled iscsi.gw update...

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第34张-科技-醋百科

666

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 5s ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 9s ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 5s ago 3d count:1 iscsi.gw 3/3 9s ago 21s ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 mds.cephfs 3/3 9s ago 8m count:3 mgr 2/2 9s ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 9s ago 3d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 9s ago 5m count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 9s ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 9s ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 5s ago 3d count:1 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 9s ago 30m count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 23.6M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f 66918f633189 crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 4072k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbe00b18ef37 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 7470k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c24dcd762121 crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 10.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd eed1c74352f0 grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 47.3M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd cbbfae0f90e4 iscsi.gw.ceph1.esngze ceph1 running (42s) 28s ago 41s 64.2M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 96f1250ba7f1 iscsi.gw.ceph2.ypjkrx ceph2 running (39s) 32s ago 39s 61.9M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9cc090aa85ec iscsi.gw.ceph3.hntxjs ceph3 running (36s) 32s ago 36s 28.2M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd d9a6906671a4 mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (8m) 28s ago 8m 22.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f668ab1ad9bb mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (8m) 32s ago 8m 20.3M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8bb9979aca2 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (8m) 32s ago 8m 22.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d0fd9a78c1d8 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 465M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 90bd2d0704b3 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 434M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9b69c446355f mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 128M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 736fd1630a06 mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 115M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 629bc53c8992 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 161M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 1b56b8a0d9ac nfs.nfs.0.0.ceph1.ufsfpf ceph1 *:2049 running (5m) 28s ago 5m 70.3M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 8af0f7d10e2b nfs.nfs.1.0.ceph2.blgraz ceph2 *:2049 running (5m) 32s ago 5m 77.7M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd d2e2238859e8 nfs.nfs.2.0.ceph3.edjscz ceph3 *:2049 running (5m) 32s ago 5m 80.7M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 31e148631f9f node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 16.0M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 3664470b1641 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 23.5M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 140f7e84ba38 node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 27.5M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf de98304ceaea osd.0 ceph2 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 60.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6ebce33417c2 osd.1 ceph3 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 90.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6d43f1b7bfde osd.2 ceph1 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 49.1M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 07d1183306d1 osd.3 ceph2 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 71.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a77d771d3e6d osd.4 ceph3 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 55.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 3d82752a8fb1 osd.5 ceph1 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 51.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6f7b5df090d5 osd.6 ceph2 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 62.1M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f769655adc7 osd.7 ceph3 running (15m) 32s ago 3d 57.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 24d63cd18dde osd.8 ceph1 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 49.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 667fb8831e53 prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (15m) 28s ago 3d 80.4M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 f67fbc035cba rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (15m) 28s ago 30m 55.8M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c8e1c9701010 rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (15m) 32s ago 30m 74.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8ba326c22b8 rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (15m) 32s ago 30m 83.8M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d89c2b87e8e4

查看Ceph Dashboard状态。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第35张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717165822644

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第36张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717165848575

165.10 添加rbd-mirror

部署rbd-mirror Service.

[root@ceph-node1 ~]# ceph orch apply rbd-mirror --placement=3 Scheduled rbd-mirror update...

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第37张-科技-醋百科

777

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 9s ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 12s ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 9s ago 3d count:1 iscsi.gw 3/3 12s ago 3m ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 mds.cephfs 3/3 12s ago 11m count:3 mgr 2/2 12s ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 12s ago 3d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 12s ago 8m count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 12s ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 12s ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 9s ago 3d count:1 rbd-mirror 3/3 12s ago 23s count:3 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 12s ago 32m count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 24.5M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f 66918f633189 crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 3309k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbe00b18ef37 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 11.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c24dcd762121 crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 10.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd eed1c74352f0 grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 60.2M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd cbbfae0f90e4 iscsi.gw.ceph1.esngze ceph1 running (3m) 34s ago 3m 53.1M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 96f1250ba7f1 iscsi.gw.ceph2.ypjkrx ceph2 running (3m) 37s ago 3m 66.1M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9cc090aa85ec iscsi.gw.ceph3.hntxjs ceph3 running (3m) 37s ago 3m 59.7M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd d9a6906671a4 mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (11m) 34s ago 11m 18.4M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f668ab1ad9bb mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (11m) 37s ago 11m 20.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8bb9979aca2 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (11m) 37s ago 11m 23.4M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d0fd9a78c1d8 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 456M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 90bd2d0704b3 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 423M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9b69c446355f mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 129M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 736fd1630a06 mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 133M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 629bc53c8992 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 158M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 1b56b8a0d9ac nfs.nfs.0.0.ceph1.ufsfpf ceph1 *:2049 running (8m) 34s ago 8m 71.9M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 8af0f7d10e2b nfs.nfs.1.0.ceph2.blgraz ceph2 *:2049 running (8m) 37s ago 8m 86.8M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd d2e2238859e8 nfs.nfs.2.0.ceph3.edjscz ceph3 *:2049 running (8m) 37s ago 8m 80.9M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 31e148631f9f node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 22.2M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 3664470b1641 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 22.0M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 140f7e84ba38 node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 27.6M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf de98304ceaea osd.0 ceph2 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 58.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6ebce33417c2 osd.1 ceph3 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 91.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6d43f1b7bfde osd.2 ceph1 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 42.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 07d1183306d1 osd.3 ceph2 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 67.0M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a77d771d3e6d osd.4 ceph3 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 56.9M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 3d82752a8fb1 osd.5 ceph1 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 58.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 6f7b5df090d5 osd.6 ceph2 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 60.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f769655adc7 osd.7 ceph3 running (18m) 37s ago 3d 58.0M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 24d63cd18dde osd.8 ceph1 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 47.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 667fb8831e53 prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (18m) 34s ago 3d 95.1M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 f67fbc035cba rbd-mirror.ceph1.rkchvq ceph1 running (46s) 34s ago 46s 32.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 46c56c1528f0 rbd-mirror.ceph2.zdhnvt ceph2 running (44s) 37s ago 44s 33.7M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd de9df26682c7 rbd-mirror.ceph3.mssyuu ceph3 running (42s) 37s ago 41s 29.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 679eabd8dd5c rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (18m) 34s ago 33m 50.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c8e1c9701010 rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (18m) 37s ago 33m 73.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d8ba326c22b8 rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (18m) 37s ago 33m 84.4M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d89c2b87e8e4

查看Ceph Dashboard状态。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第38张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717170114782

175.11 部署Cephfs-mirror

部署cephfs-mirror Service.

#ceph orch apply cephfs-mirror --placement=3 Scheduled cephfs-mirror update...

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第39张-科技-醋百科

888

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 22s ago 4d count:1 cephfs-mirror 3/3 25s ago 52s count:3 crash 3/3 25s ago 4d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 22s ago 4d count:1 ingress.nfs.nfs 192.168.149.201:2050,1968 6/6 25s ago 7h count:3 ingress.rgw.rgw 192.168.149.200:8080,1967 6/6 25s ago 7h count:3 iscsi.gw 3/3 25s ago 8h ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 mds.cephfs 3/3 25s ago 8h count:3 mgr 2/2 25s ago 4d count:2 mon 3/5 25s ago 4d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 25s ago 8h count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 25s ago 4d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 25s ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 22s ago 4d count:1 rbd-mirror 3/3 25s ago 8h count:3 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 25s ago 8h count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 29.5M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f b9640288c91f cephfs-mirror.ceph1.cclxku ceph1 running (86s) 61s ago 85s 26.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 88b6f8918aa8 cephfs-mirror.ceph2.ozwgqg ceph2 running (116s) 64s ago 116s 30.8M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dcd8c6dcc4f0 cephfs-mirror.ceph3.iefmko ceph3 running (2m) 64s ago 2m 30.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 581ba61bad28 crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 1975k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 116ff5ce3646 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 5448k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 354b8903892b crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 5737k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a5c223e5362c grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 50.8M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd d284162e0da4 haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph1.bdmrwh ceph1 *:2050,1968 running (7h) 61s ago 7h 1899k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 3d9c640d828e haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph2.ryaaaq ceph2 *:2050,1968 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 1879k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 cffaa94c6c4a haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph3.ysfamh ceph3 *:2050,1968 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 1644k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 0e48492c6233 haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph1.nmvtig ceph1 *:8080,1967 running (7h) 61s ago 7h 7574k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 5e521b875eba haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph2.bbcnso ceph2 *:8080,1967 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 4512k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 cbd03c96a1fd haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph3.bcvvxl ceph3 *:8080,1967 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 5775k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 535a37749437 iscsi.gw.ceph1.esngze ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 8h 23.8M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 04d1bfd141a9 iscsi.gw.ceph2.ypjkrx ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 21.2M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f78b9c0deb0 iscsi.gw.ceph3.hntxjs ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 28.5M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2fe9bb0b7bfe keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph1.jprcvw ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 7h 3862k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 8e337e634255 keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph2.oiynik ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 3493k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 a6d10588190e keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph3.guulfc ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 1853k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 23680bf04f55 keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph1.keriqf ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 7h 2902k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 a11d221ae1af keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph2.gxshhg ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 2461k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 59026981ef10 keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph3.tqaixq ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 7h 4294k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 25cfdab23bfe mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 8h 14.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 64246a825e21 mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 9323k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f0faa5b9a7d5 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 9072k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f294af518f7 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 161M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f7b2470c5797 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 28.2M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e24b40d99e6d mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 483M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9936a8b6587b mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 878M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd abe7eed2d100 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 881M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 52d747e3d011 nfs.nfs.0.0.ceph1.ufsfpf ceph1 *:2049 running (7h) 61s ago 8h 25.4M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd fff5327b8415 nfs.nfs.1.0.ceph2.blgraz ceph2 *:2049 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 33.0M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd ea09e2429950 nfs.nfs.2.0.ceph3.edjscz ceph3 *:2049 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 41.8M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd dcc6fd5aa85f node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 13.8M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 69e5d1f3e310 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 15.8M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf cd41893212ca node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 15.3M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 9ab2b99dabd6 osd.0 ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 31.6M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 0c9dc80a1d74 osd.1 ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 47.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c698fa4c50c0 osd.2 ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 3d 39.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 69501861396e osd.3 ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 50.0M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd fa9549c63716 osd.4 ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 37.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d1fc644bd8f6 osd.5 ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 3d 38.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd ed81fef0dd1c osd.6 ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 29.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 68d0dcad316b osd.7 ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 3d 28.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d3dc04b1d1ff osd.8 ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 3d 38.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 13f0d2b109ff prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (7h) 61s ago 4d 131M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 e5fb2f5703d5 rbd-mirror.ceph1.rkchvq ceph1 running (7h) 61s ago 8h 7453k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e5ca469f9184 rbd-mirror.ceph2.zdhnvt ceph2 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 6505k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2933e22fd669 rbd-mirror.ceph3.mssyuu ceph3 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 10.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 862ef07ae291 rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (7h) 61s ago 8h 66.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9002673bd55a rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 67.9M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbdddd0f10cd rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (7h) 64s ago 8h 69.0M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd b896b40ef1d8

命令行查看部署的哪些服务。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph -s cluster: id: 36e7a21c-e3f7-11eb-8960-000c299df6ef health: HEALTH_WARN clock skew detected on mon.ceph2, mon.ceph3 services: mon: 3 daemons, quorum ceph1,ceph2,ceph3 (age 58m) mgr: ceph1.nwbihh(active, since 7h), standbys: ceph2.ednijf mds: 1/1 daemons up, 2 standby osd: 9 osds: 9 up (since 7h), 9 in (since 3d) cephfs-mirror: 3 daemons active (3 hosts) rbd-mirror: 3 daemons active (3 hosts) rgw: 3 daemons active (3 hosts, 1 zones) data: volumes: 1/1 healthy pools: 10 pools, 241 pgs objects: 233 objects, 9.4 KiB usage: 323 MiB used, 180 GiB / 180 GiB avail pgs: 241 active clean io: client: 4.1 KiB/s rd, 4 op/s rd, 0 op/s wr

Ceph Dashboard中查看部署了哪些服务。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第40张-科技-醋百科

image-20210717173522825

185.12 添加ingress

在前几个步骤中我们添加了RGW和NFS,并且都部署了3个Deamon,但其实三个还是独立服务的,也就是前端没有负载均衡实现统一访问,在Cephadm中将haproxy和keepalived两个封装成了ingress服务,rgw-ingress架构示意图如下:

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第41张-科技-醋百科

HAProxy_for_RGW

编写rgw-ingress放置规范及配置参数,并部署。

[root@ceph1 ~]# vi rgw-ingress.yaml service_type: ingress service_id: rgw.rgw placement: count: 3 spec: backend_service: rgw.rgw virtual_ip: 192.168.149.200/24 frontend_port: 8080 monitor_port: 1967 #ceph orch apply -i rgw-ingress.yaml

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第42张-科技-醋百科

注意事项

注意这里的backend_service一定要通过ceph orch ls查看到实际的名称为准, frontend_port为VIP的端口,注意到这里有个 monitor_port这个的意思是haproxy 状态页端口。

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第43张-科技-醋百科

999

比如想验证 monitor_port的意思,可以进入haproxy容器中,查看haproxy配置文件frontend stats段落中有1967端口以及用户名和密码。

#podman exec -it 5e521b875eba bash # cat /var/lib/haproxy/haproxy.cfg root@ceph1:/var/lib/haproxy# cat haproxy.cfg # This file is generated by cephadm. global log 127.0.0.1 local2 chroot /var/lib/haproxy pidfile /var/lib/haproxy/haproxy.pid maxconn 8000 daemon stats socket /var/lib/haproxy/stats defaults mode http log global option httplog option dontlognull option http-server-close option forwardfor except 127.0.0.0/8 option redispatch retries 3 timeout queue 20s timeout connect 5s timeout http-request 1s timeout http-keep-alive 5s timeout client 1s timeout server 1s timeout check 5s maxconn 8000 frontend stats mode http bind *:1967 stats enable stats uri /stats stats refresh 10s stats auth admin:vpxpoqmhxsetlmoerbck http-request use-service prometheus-exporter if { path /metrics } monitor-uri /health frontend frontend bind *:8080 default_backend backend backend backend option forwardfor balance static-rr option httpchk HEAD / HTTP/1.0 server rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw 192.168.149.128:80 check weight 100 server rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt 192.168.149.145:80 check weight 100 server rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe 192.168.149.146:80 check weight 100

根据得到的VIP、monitor_port、uri得出访问地址为http://192.168.149.201:1967/stats,通过浏览器打开该地址,输入用户和密码可以看到确实是haproxy状态页内容。

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 67s ago 3d count:1 crash 3/3 2m ago 3d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 67s ago 3d count:1 ingress.rgw.rgw 192.168.149.200:8080,1967 6/6 2m ago 17m count:3 iscsi.gw 3/3 2m ago 76m ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 mds.cephfs 3/3 2m ago 84m count:3 mgr 2/2 2m ago 3d count:2 mon 3/5 2m ago 3d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 2m ago 81m count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 2m ago 3d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 2m ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 67s ago 3d count:1 rbd-mirror 3/3 2m ago 73m count:3 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 2m ago 105m count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 31.5M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f b9640288c91f cephfs-mirror.ceph1.cclxku ceph1 running (28m) 7m ago 28m 16.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 88b6f8918aa8 cephfs-mirror.ceph2.ozwgqg ceph2 running (29m) 7m ago 29m 13.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dcd8c6dcc4f0 cephfs-mirror.ceph3.iefmko ceph3 running (30m) 7m ago 30m 14.2M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 581ba61bad28 crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 1929k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 116ff5ce3646 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 3451k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 354b8903892b crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 4047k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a5c223e5362c grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 44.0M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd d284162e0da4 haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph1.bdmrwh ceph1 *:2050,1968 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 1870k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 3d9c640d828e haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph2.ryaaaq ceph2 *:2050,1968 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 1862k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 cffaa94c6c4a haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph3.ysfamh ceph3 *:2050,1968 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 1904k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 0e48492c6233 haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph1.nmvtig ceph1 *:8080,1967 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 6089k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 5e521b875eba haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph2.bbcnso ceph2 *:8080,1967 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 2877k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 cbd03c96a1fd haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph3.bcvvxl ceph3 *:8080,1967 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 4265k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 535a37749437 iscsi.gw.ceph1.esngze ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 25.5M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 04d1bfd141a9 iscsi.gw.ceph2.ypjkrx ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 22.3M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f78b9c0deb0 iscsi.gw.ceph3.hntxjs ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 29.7M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2fe9bb0b7bfe keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph1.jprcvw ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 3837k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 8e337e634255 keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph2.oiynik ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 3468k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 a6d10588190e keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph3.guulfc ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 1732k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 23680bf04f55 keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph1.keriqf ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 2667k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 a11d221ae1af keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph2.gxshhg ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 2969k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 59026981ef10 keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph3.tqaixq ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 7h 4600k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 25cfdab23bfe mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 19.3M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 64246a825e21 mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 6790k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f0faa5b9a7d5 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 10.0M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f294af518f7 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 119M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f7b2470c5797 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 30.2M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e24b40d99e6d mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 526M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9936a8b6587b mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 898M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd abe7eed2d100 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 894M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 52d747e3d011 nfs.nfs.0.0.ceph1.ufsfpf ceph1 *:2049 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 23.0M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd fff5327b8415 nfs.nfs.1.0.ceph2.blgraz ceph2 *:2049 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 31.3M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd ea09e2429950 nfs.nfs.2.0.ceph3.edjscz ceph3 *:2049 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 38.3M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd dcc6fd5aa85f node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 17.8M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 69e5d1f3e310 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 18.3M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf cd41893212ca node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 16.9M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 9ab2b99dabd6 osd.0 ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 34.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 0c9dc80a1d74 osd.1 ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 56.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c698fa4c50c0 osd.2 ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 44.1M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 69501861396e osd.3 ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 49.1M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd fa9549c63716 osd.4 ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 36.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d1fc644bd8f6 osd.5 ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 42.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd ed81fef0dd1c osd.6 ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 31.6M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 68d0dcad316b osd.7 ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 29.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d3dc04b1d1ff osd.8 ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 3d 40.7M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 13f0d2b109ff prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (7h) 7m ago 4d 107M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 e5fb2f5703d5 rbd-mirror.ceph1.rkchvq ceph1 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 9223k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e5ca469f9184 rbd-mirror.ceph2.zdhnvt ceph2 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 8652k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2933e22fd669 rbd-mirror.ceph3.mssyuu ceph3 running (7h) 7m ago 8h 12.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 862ef07ae291 rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (7h) 7m ago 9h 73.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9002673bd55a rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (7h) 7m ago 9h 67.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbdddd0f10cd rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (7h) 7m ago 9h 67.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd b896b40ef1d8

ingress是每个服务对应一个ingress,比如上面部署了rgw ingress,nfs也有对应的ingress,未来还会有Ceph Dashboard的ingress,现在能部署的只有rgw和nfs ingress,nfs ingress示意图如下:

安装,Cephadm全功能安装CephPacific,ceph-第44张-科技-醋百科

HAProxy_for_NFS

编辑nfs ingress配置文件并部署。

[root@ceph1 ~]# cat nfs-ingress.yaml service_type: ingress service_id: nfs.nfs placement: count: 3 spec: backend_service: nfs.nfs virtual_ip: 192.168.149.201/24 frontend_port: 2050 monitor_port: 1968 [root@ceph1 ~]#ceph orch apply -i rgw-ingress.yaml

查看Service状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 91s ago 4d count:1 cephfs-mirror 3/3 94s ago 32m count:3 crash 3/3 94s ago 4d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 91s ago 4d count:1 ingress.nfs.nfs 192.168.149.201:2050,1968 6/6 94s ago 7h count:3 ingress.rgw.rgw 192.168.149.200:8080,1967 6/6 94s ago 7h count:3 iscsi.gw 3/3 94s ago 8h ceph1;ceph2;ceph3 mds.cephfs 3/3 94s ago 8h count:3 mgr 2/2 94s ago 4d count:2 mon 3/5 94s ago 4d count:5 nfs.nfs 3/3 94s ago 8h count:3 node-exporter ?:9100 3/3 94s ago 4d * osd.all-available-devices 9/12 94s ago 3d * prometheus ?:9095 1/1 91s ago 4d count:1 rbd-mirror 3/3 94s ago 8h count:3 rgw.rgw ?:80 3/3 94s ago 9h count:3

查看Deamon状态。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ps NAME HOST PORTS STATUS REFRESHED AGE MEM USE MEM LIM VERSION IMAGE ID CONTAINER ID alertmanager.ceph1 ceph1 *:9093,9094 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 22.7M - 0.20.0 0881eb8f169f b9640288c91f crash.ceph1 ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 2721k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 116ff5ce3646 crash.ceph2 ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 17.1M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 354b8903892b crash.ceph3 ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 7792k - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd a5c223e5362c grafana.ceph1 ceph1 *:3000 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 52.5M - 6.7.4 ae5c36c3d3cd d284162e0da4 haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph1.bdmrwh ceph1 *:2050,1968 running (64s) 13s ago 63s 5603k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 3d9c640d828e haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph2.ryaaaq ceph2 *:2050,1968 running (61s) 29s ago 61s 6341k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 cffaa94c6c4a haproxy.nfs.nfs.ceph3.ysfamh ceph3 *:2050,1968 running (59s) 29s ago 59s 6353k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 0e48492c6233 haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph1.nmvtig ceph1 *:8080,1967 running (2m) 13s ago 2m 13.9M - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 5e521b875eba haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph2.bbcnso ceph2 *:8080,1967 running (2m) 29s ago 2m 4916k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 cbd03c96a1fd haproxy.rgw.rgw.ceph3.bcvvxl ceph3 *:8080,1967 running (2m) 29s ago 2m 4362k - 2.3.12-b99e499 b2284eda2221 535a37749437 iscsi.gw.ceph1.esngze ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 61m 49.2M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 04d1bfd141a9 iscsi.gw.ceph2.ypjkrx ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 61m 62.3M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f78b9c0deb0 iscsi.gw.ceph3.hntxjs ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 61m 64.5M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2fe9bb0b7bfe keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph1.jprcvw ceph1 running (53s) 13s ago 52s 2679k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 8e337e634255 keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph2.oiynik ceph2 running (57s) 29s ago 56s 1581k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 a6d10588190e keepalived.nfs.nfs.ceph3.guulfc ceph3 running (50s) 29s ago 50s 1623k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 23680bf04f55 keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph1.keriqf ceph1 running (84s) 13s ago 83s 1979k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 a11d221ae1af keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph2.gxshhg ceph2 running (105s) 29s ago 105s 6455k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 59026981ef10 keepalived.rgw.rgw.ceph3.tqaixq ceph3 running (67s) 29s ago 66s 1581k - 2.0.5 073e0c3cd1b9 25cfdab23bfe mds.cephfs.ceph1.ooraiz ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 69m 16.5M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 64246a825e21 mds.cephfs.ceph2.qfmprj ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 69m 19.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f0faa5b9a7d5 mds.cephfs.ceph3.ifskba ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 69m 22.0M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 7f294af518f7 mgr.ceph1.nwbihh ceph1 *:9283 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 439M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd f7b2470c5797 mgr.ceph2.ednijf ceph2 *:8443,9283 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 412M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e24b40d99e6d mon.ceph1 ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 86.0M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9936a8b6587b mon.ceph2 ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 113M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd abe7eed2d100 mon.ceph3 ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 127M 2048M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 52d747e3d011 nfs.nfs.0.0.ceph1.ufsfpf ceph1 *:2049 running (4m) 13s ago 66m 64.5M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd fff5327b8415 nfs.nfs.1.0.ceph2.blgraz ceph2 *:2049 running (4m) 29s ago 66m 72.0M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd ea09e2429950 nfs.nfs.2.0.ceph3.edjscz ceph3 *:2049 running (4m) 29s ago 66m 58.7M - 3.5 6933c2a0b7dd dcc6fd5aa85f node-exporter.ceph1 ceph1 *:9100 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 15.0M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 69e5d1f3e310 node-exporter.ceph2 ceph2 *:9100 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 24.0M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf cd41893212ca node-exporter.ceph3 ceph3 *:9100 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 24.7M - 0.18.1 e5a616e4b9cf 9ab2b99dabd6 osd.0 ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 66.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 0c9dc80a1d74 osd.1 ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 70.5M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd c698fa4c50c0 osd.2 ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 42.4M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 69501861396e osd.3 ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 54.2M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd fa9549c63716 osd.4 ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 84.9M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d1fc644bd8f6 osd.5 ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 36.8M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd ed81fef0dd1c osd.6 ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 58.6M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 68d0dcad316b osd.7 ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 3d 65.3M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd d3dc04b1d1ff osd.8 ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 3d 42.9M 4096M 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 13f0d2b109ff prometheus.ceph1 ceph1 *:9095 running (35s) 13s ago 3d 110M - 2.18.1 de242295e225 e5fb2f5703d5 rbd-mirror.ceph1.rkchvq ceph1 running (4m) 13s ago 58m 15.3M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd e5ca469f9184 rbd-mirror.ceph2.zdhnvt ceph2 running (4m) 29s ago 58m 24.7M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 2933e22fd669 rbd-mirror.ceph3.mssyuu ceph3 running (4m) 29s ago 58m 33.4M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 862ef07ae291 rgw.rgw.ceph1.lgcvfw ceph1 *:80 running (4m) 13s ago 91m 58.0M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd 9002673bd55a rgw.rgw.ceph2.eqykjt ceph2 *:80 running (4m) 29s ago 91m 75.6M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd dbdddd0f10cd rgw.rgw.ceph3.eybvwe ceph3 *:80 running (4m) 29s ago 91m 75.7M - 16.2.5 6933c2a0b7dd b896b40ef1d8

6.排错

当部署出现问题可以执行以下命令查看详细信息。

# ceph log last cephadm

也可以直接查看Service级别或Daemon级别的日志。

#ceph orch ls --service_name=alertmanager --format yaml #ceph orch ps --service-name <service-name> --daemon-id <daemon-id> --format yaml

当daemon出现error,或是stop状态,可以使用以下命令启动

ceph orch daemon restart rgw.rgw.ceph3.sfepof

当有多个Daemon状态不对时,也可以直接重启Service,就会自动重启关联的Daemon。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch start mds.cephfs Scheduled to start mds.cephfs.ceph1.znbbqq on host 'ceph1' Scheduled to start mds.cephfs.ceph2.iazuaf on host 'ceph2' Scheduled to start mds.cephfs.ceph3.hjuvue on host 'ceph3'

如果删除服务遇到一直在删除中,可以重启电脑。

[root@ceph1 ~]# ceph orch ls NAME PORTS RUNNING REFRESHED AGE PLACEMENT alertmanager ?:9093,9094 1/1 18m ago 10d count:1 cephfs-mirror 3/3 18m ago 2d count:3 crash 5/5 19m ago 10d * grafana ?:3000 1/1 18m ago 10d count:1 ingress.mgr 192.168.149.200:8443,8443 0/4 <deleting> 2h ceph1;ceph2

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