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aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring

作者:利哥 下载:word格式

前文,我们分析了Spring IOC的初始化过程和Bean的生命周期等,而Spring AOP也是基于IOC的Bean加载来实现的。本文主要介绍Spring AOP原理解析的切面实现过程(将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor,为后续交给代理增强实现做准备的过程)。@pdai

引入

我们应该从哪里开始着手看Spring AOP的源码呢?和我们上文分析的IOC源码实现有什么关系呢?

  1. 前文中我们写了AOP的Demo,根据其XML配置我们不难发现AOP是基于IOC的Bean加载来实现的;这便使我们的主要入口

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第1张-生活-醋百科

所以理解Spring AOP的初始化必须要先理解Spring IOC的初始化。

  1. 然后我们就能找到如下初始化的流程和aop对应的handler

即parseCustomElement方法找到parse aop:aspectj-autoproxy的handler(org.springframework.aop.config.AopNamespaceHandler)

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第2张-生活-醋百科

(PS:其实你会发现,最重要的是知识点的关联关系,而不是知识点本身,就后续代码而言不就是打个断点慢慢看的事了么。)

aop配置标签的解析

上文中,我们找到了AopNamespaceHandler,其实就是注册BeanDefinition的解析器BeanDefinitionParser,将aop:xxxxxx配置标签交给指定的parser来处理。

public class AopNamespaceHandler extends NamespaceHandlerSupport { /** * Register the {@link BeanDefinitionParser BeanDefinitionParsers} for the * '{@code config}' '{@code spring-configured}' '{@code aspectj-autoproxy}' * and '{@code scoped-proxy}' tags. */ @Override public void init() { // In 2.0 XSD as well as in 2.5 XSDs // 注册解析<aop:config> 配置 registerBeanDefinitionParser("config" new ConfigBeanDefinitionParser()); // 注册解析<aop:aspectj-autoproxy> 配置 registerBeanDefinitionParser("aspectj-autoproxy" new AspectJAutoProxyBeanDefinitionParser()); registerBeanDefinitionDecorator("scoped-proxy" new ScopedProxyBeanDefinitionDecorator()); // Only in 2.0 XSD: moved to context namespace in 2.5 registerBeanDefinitionParser("spring-configured" new SpringConfiguredBeanDefinitionParser()); } } config配置标签的解析

<aop:config/>由ConfigBeanDefinitionParser这个类处理,作为parser类最重要的就是parse方法

@Override @Nullable public BeanDefinition parse(Element element ParserContext parserContext) { CompositeComponentDefinition compositeDef = new CompositeComponentDefinition(element.getTagName() parserContext.extractSource(element)); parserContext.pushContainingComponent(compositeDef); configureAutoProxyCreator(parserContext element); List<Element> childElts = DomUtils.getChildElements(element); for (Element elt: childElts) { String localName = parserContext.getDelegate().getLocalName(elt); if (POINTCUT.equals(localName)) { parsePointcut(elt parserContext); } else if (ADVISOR.equals(localName)) { parseAdvisor(elt parserContext); } else if (ASPECT.equals(localName)) { parseAspect(elt parserContext); } } parserContext.popAndRegisterContainingComponent(); return null; }

打个断点看下

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第3张-生活-醋百科

parseAspect的方法如下 处理方法不难,我这里就不展开了

private void parseAspect(Element aspectElement ParserContext parserContext) { String aspectId = aspectElement.getAttribute(ID); String aspectName = aspectElement.getAttribute(REF); try { this.parseState.push(new AspectEntry(aspectId aspectName)); List<BeanDefinition> beanDefinitions = new ArrayList<>(); List<BeanReference> beanReferences = new ArrayList<>(); List<Element> declareParents = DomUtils.getChildElementsByTagName(aspectElement DECLARE_PARENTS); for (int i = METHOD_INDEX; i < declareParents.size(); i ) { Element declareParentsElement = declareParents.get(i); beanDefinitions.add(parseDeclareParents(declareParentsElement parserContext)); } // We have to parse "advice" and all the advice kinds in one loop to get the // ordering semantics right. NodeList nodeList = aspectElement.getChildNodes(); boolean adviceFoundAlready = false; for (int i = 0; i < nodeList.getLength(); i ) { Node node = nodeList.item(i); if (isAdviceNode(node parserContext)) { if (!adviceFoundAlready) { adviceFoundAlready = true; if (!StringUtils.hasText(aspectName)) { parserContext.getReaderContext().error( "<aspect> tag needs aspect bean reference via 'ref' attribute when declaring advices." aspectElement this.parseState.snapshot()); return; } beanReferences.add(new RuntimeBeanReference(aspectName)); } AbstractBeanDefinition advisorDefinition = parseAdvice( aspectName i aspectElement (Element) node parserContext beanDefinitions beanReferences); beanDefinitions.add(advisorDefinition); } } AspectComponentDefinition aspectComponentDefinition = createAspectComponentDefinition( aspectElement aspectId beanDefinitions beanReferences parserContext); parserContext.pushContainingComponent(aspectComponentDefinition); List<Element> pointcuts = DomUtils.getChildElementsByTagName(aspectElement POINTCUT); for (Element pointcutElement : pointcuts) { parsePointcut(pointcutElement parserContext); } parserContext.popAndRegisterContainingComponent(); } finally { this.parseState.pop(); } } aspectj-autoproxy配置标签的解析

<aop:aspectj-autoproxy/>则由AspectJAutoProxyBeanDefinitionParser这个类处理的,我们看下parse 方法

@Override @Nullable public BeanDefinition parse(Element element ParserContext parserContext) { // 注册AspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreator AopNamespaceUtils.registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary(parserContext element); // 拓展BeanDefinition extendBeanDefinition(element parserContext); return null; }

AopNamespaceUtils.registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary方法对应如下

public static void registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary( ParserContext parserContext Element sourceElement) { BeanDefinition beanDefinition = AopConfigUtils.registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary( parserContext.getRegistry() parserContext.extractSource(sourceElement)); useClassProxyingIfNecessary(parserContext.getRegistry() sourceElement); registerComponentIfNecessary(beanDefinition parserContext); }

AopConfigUtils.registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary对应如下

@Nullable public static BeanDefinition registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary( BeanDefinitionRegistry registry @Nullable Object source) { return registerOrEscalateApcAsRequired(AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator.class registry source); }

到这里,我们发现AOP的创建工作是交给AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator来完成的。

注解切面代理创建类(AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator)

AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator是如何工作的呢?这时候我们就要看AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator类结构关系了。

如下是类结构关系

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第4张-生活-醋百科

它实现了两类接口:

  • BeanFactoryAware属于Bean级生命周期接口方法
  • InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor 和 BeanPostProcessor 这两个接口实现,一般称它们的实现类为“后处理器”,是容器级生命周期接口方法

结合前文Spring Bean生命周期的流程

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第5张-生活-醋百科

我们就可以定位到核心的初始化方法肯定在postProcessBeforeInstantiation和postProcessAfterInitialization中。

postProcessBeforeInstantiation

如下是上述类结构中postProcessBeforeInstantiation的方法,读者在自己看代码的时候建议打个断点看,可以方便理解

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第6张-生活-醋百科

@Override public Object postProcessBeforeInstantiation(Class<?> beanClass String beanName) { Object cacheKey = getCacheKey(beanClass beanName); if (!StringUtils.hasLength(beanName) || !this.targetSourcedBeans.contains(beanName)) { // 如果已经在缓存中,则忽略 if (this.advisedBeans.containsKey(cacheKey)) { return null; } // 是否是aop基础类?是否跳过? if (isInfrastructureClass(beanClass) || shouldSkip(beanClass beanName)) { this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey Boolean.FALSE); return null; } } // Create proxy here if we have a custom TargetSource. // Suppresses unnecessary default instantiation of the target bean: // The TargetSource will handle target instances in a custom fashion. TargetSource targetSource = getCustomTargetSource(beanClass beanName); if (targetSource != null) { if (StringUtils.hasLength(beanName)) { this.targetSourcedBeans.add(beanName); } Object[] specificInterceptors = getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(beanClass beanName targetSource); Object proxy = createProxy(beanClass beanName specificInterceptors targetSource); this.proxyTypes.put(cacheKey proxy.getClass()); return proxy; } return null; } 判断是否是aop基础类

是否是aop基础类的判断方法 isInfrastructureClass 如下

@Override protected boolean isInfrastructureClass(Class<?> beanClass) { // Previously we setProxyTargetClass(true) in the constructor but that has too // broad an impact. Instead we now override isInfrastructureClass to avoid proxying // aspects. I'm not entirely happy with that as there is no good reason not // to advise aspects except that it causes advice invocation to go through a // proxy and if the aspect implements e.g the Ordered interface it will be // proxied by that interface and fail at runtime as the advice method is not // defined on the interface. We could potentially relax the restriction about // not advising aspects in the future. // 父类判断它是aop基础类 or 使用@Aspect注解 return (super.isInfrastructureClass(beanClass) || (this.aspectJAdvisorFactory != null && this.aspectJAdvisorFactory.isAspect(beanClass))); }

父类判断它是否是aop基础类的方法 super.isInfrastructureClass(beanClass) 本质上就是判断该类是否实现了Advice Pointcut Advisor或者AopInfrastructureBean接口。

protected boolean isInfrastructureClass(Class<?> beanClass) { // 该类是否实现了Advice Pointcut Advisor或者AopInfrastructureBean接口 boolean retVal = Advice.class.isAssignableFrom(beanClass) || Pointcut.class.isAssignableFrom(beanClass) || Advisor.class.isAssignableFrom(beanClass) || AopInfrastructureBean.class.isAssignableFrom(beanClass); if (retVal && logger.isTraceEnabled()) { logger.trace("Did not attempt to auto-proxy infrastructure class [" beanClass.getName() "]"); } return retVal; } 是否应该跳过shouldSkip

通过断点辅助,candidateAdvisors是就是xml配置的通知是对应的

aop是如何实现的,Spring框架系列9,spring-第7张-生活-醋百科

@Override protected boolean shouldSkip(Class<?> beanClass String beanName) { // TODO: Consider optimization by caching the list of the aspect names List<Advisor> candidateAdvisors = findCandidateAdvisors(); for (Advisor advisor : candidateAdvisors) { if (advisor instanceof AspectJPointcutAdvisor && ((AspectJPointcutAdvisor) advisor).getAspectName().equals(beanName)) { return true; } } return super.shouldSkip(beanClass beanName); } 切面方法转成Advisor

findCandidateAdvisors方法如下:

@Override protected List<Advisor> findCandidateAdvisors() { // 在父类中找到所有的advisor:基于xml配置的<aop:before/>生成的 List<Advisor> advisors = super.findCandidateAdvisors(); // 为bean Factory中AspectJ切面构建advistor:通过AspectJ注解的方式生成Advisor类 if (this.aspectJAdvisorsBuilder != null) { advisors.addAll(this.aspectJAdvisorsBuilder.buildAspectJAdvisors()); } return advisors; }

在当前的bean Factory中通过AspectJ注解的方式生成Advisor类,buildAspectJAdvisors方法如下

/** * Look for AspectJ-annotated aspect beans in the current bean factory * and return to a list of Spring AOP Advisors representing them. * <p>Creates a Spring Advisor for each AspectJ advice method. * @return the list of {@link org.springframework.aop.Advisor} beans * @see #isEligibleBean */ public List<Advisor> buildAspectJAdvisors() { List<String> aspectNames = this.aspectBeanNames; if (aspectNames == null) { synchronized (this) { aspectNames = this.aspectBeanNames; if (aspectNames == null) { List<Advisor> advisors = new ArrayList<>(); aspectNames = new ArrayList<>(); String[] beanNames = BeanFactoryUtils.beanNamesForTypeIncludingAncestors( this.beanFactory Object.class true false); for (String beanName : beanNames) { if (!isEligibleBean(beanName)) { continue; } // We must be careful not to instantiate beans eagerly as in this case they // would be cached by the Spring container but would not have been weaved. Class<?> beanType = this.beanFactory.getType(beanName false); if (beanType == null) { continue; } if (this.advisorFactory.isAspect(beanType)) { aspectNames.add(beanName); AspectMetadata amd = new AspectMetadata(beanType beanName); if (amd.getAjType().getPerClause().getKind() == PerClauseKind.SINGLETON) { MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory factory = new BeanFactoryAspectInstanceFactory(this.beanFactory beanName); List<Advisor> classAdvisors = this.advisorFactory.getAdvisors(factory); // 单例加到advisorsCache 非单例加到aspectFactoryCache if (this.beanFactory.isSingleton(beanName)) { this.advisorsCache.put(beanName classAdvisors); } else { this.aspectFactoryCache.put(beanName factory); } advisors.addAll(classAdvisors); } else { // Per target or per this. if (this.beanFactory.isSingleton(beanName)) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("Bean with name '" beanName "' is a singleton but aspect instantiation model is not singleton"); } MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory factory = new PrototypeAspectInstanceFactory(this.beanFactory beanName); this.aspectFactoryCache.put(beanName factory); // advisorFactory工厂获取advisors advisors.addAll(this.advisorFactory.getAdvisors(factory)); } } } this.aspectBeanNames = aspectNames; return advisors; } } } if (aspectNames.isEmpty()) { return Collections.emptyList(); } List<Advisor> advisors = new ArrayList<>(); for (String aspectName : aspectNames) { List<Advisor> cachedAdvisors = this.advisorsCache.get(aspectName); if (cachedAdvisors != null) { advisors.addAll(cachedAdvisors); } else { MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory factory = this.aspectFactoryCache.get(aspectName); advisors.addAll(this.advisorFactory.getAdvisors(factory)); } } return advisors; }

上述方法本质上的思路是:用DCL双重锁的单例实现方式,拿到切面类里的切面方法,将其转换成advisor(并放入缓存中)。

转换的成advisor的方法是:this.advisorFactory.getAdvisors

@Override public List<Advisor> getAdvisors(MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory aspectInstanceFactory) { Class<?> aspectClass = aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().getAspectClass(); String aspectName = aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().getAspectName(); validate(aspectClass); // We need to wrap the MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory with a decorator // so that it will only instantiate once. MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory lazySingletonAspectInstanceFactory = new LazySingletonAspectInstanceFactoryDecorator(aspectInstanceFactory); List<Advisor> advisors = new ArrayList<>(); for (Method method : getAdvisorMethods(aspectClass)) { // Prior to Spring Framework 5.2.7 advisors.size() was supplied as the declarationOrderInAspect // to getAdvisor(...) to represent the "current position" in the declared methods list. // However since Java 7 the "current position" is not valid since the JDK no longer // returns declared methods in the order in which they are declared in the source code. // Thus we now hard code the declarationOrderInAspect to 0 for all advice methods // discovered via reflection in order to support reliable advice ordering across JVM launches. // Specifically a value of 0 aligns with the default value used in // AspectJPrecedenceComparator.getAspectDeclarationOrder(Advisor). Advisor advisor = getAdvisor(method lazySingletonAspectInstanceFactory 0 aspectName); if (advisor != null) { advisors.add(advisor); } } // If it's a per target aspect emit the dummy instantiating aspect. if (!advisors.isEmpty() && lazySingletonAspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().isLazilyInstantiated()) { Advisor instantiationAdvisor = new SyntheticInstantiationAdvisor(lazySingletonAspectInstanceFactory); advisors.add(0 instantiationAdvisor); } // Find introduction fields. for (Field field : aspectClass.getDeclaredFields()) { Advisor advisor = getDeclareParentsAdvisor(field); if (advisor != null) { advisors.add(advisor); } } return advisors; }

getAdvisor方法如下

@Override @Nullable public Advisor getAdvisor(Method candidateAdviceMethod MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory aspectInstanceFactory int declarationOrderInAspect String aspectName) { validate(aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().getAspectClass()); AspectJExpressionPointcut expressionPointcut = getPointcut( candidateAdviceMethod aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().getAspectClass()); if (expressionPointcut == null) { return null; } // 封装成advisor return new InstantiationModelAwarePointcutAdvisorImpl(expressionPointcut candidateAdviceMethod this aspectInstanceFactory declarationOrderInAspect aspectName); } 获取表达式的切点

获取表达式的切点的方法getPointcut如下:

@Nullable private AspectJExpressionPointcut getPointcut(Method candidateAdviceMethod Class<?> candidateAspectClass) { AspectJAnnotation<?> aspectJAnnotation = AbstractAspectJAdvisorFactory.findAspectJAnnotationOnMethod(candidateAdviceMethod); if (aspectJAnnotation == null) { return null; } AspectJExpressionPointcut ajexp = new AspectJExpressionPointcut(candidateAspectClass new String[0] new Class<?>[0]); ajexp.setExpression(aspectJAnnotation.getPointcutExpression()); if (this.beanFactory != null) { ajexp.setBeanFactory(this.beanFactory); } return ajexp; }

AbstractAspectJAdvisorFactory.findAspectJAnnotationOnMethod的方法如下

private static final Class<?>[] ASPECTJ_ANNOTATION_CLASSES = new Class<?>[] { Pointcut.class Around.class Before.class After.class AfterReturning.class AfterThrowing.class}; /** * Find and return the first AspectJ annotation on the given method * (there <i>should</i> only be one anyway...). */ @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") @Nullable protected static AspectJAnnotation<?> findAspectJAnnotationOnMethod(Method method) { for (Class<?> clazz : ASPECTJ_ANNOTATION_CLASSES) { AspectJAnnotation<?> foundAnnotation = findAnnotation(method (Class<Annotation>) clazz); if (foundAnnotation != null) { return foundAnnotation; } } return null; }

findAnnotation方法如下

@Nullable private static <A extends Annotation> AspectJAnnotation<A> findAnnotation(Method method Class<A> toLookFor) { A result = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(method toLookFor); if (result != null) { return new AspectJAnnotation<>(result); } else { return null; } }

AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation 获取注解方法如下

/** * Find a single {@link Annotation} of {@code annotationType} on the supplied * {@link Method} traversing its super methods (i.e. from superclasses and * interfaces) if the annotation is not <em>directly present</em> on the given * method itself. * <p>Correctly handles bridge {@link Method Methods} generated by the compiler. * <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not * <em>directly present</em> on the method. * <p>Annotations on methods are not inherited by default so we need to handle * this explicitly. * @param method the method to look for annotations on * @param annotationType the annotation type to look for * @return the first matching annotation or {@code null} if not found * @see #getAnnotation(Method Class) */ @Nullable public static <A extends Annotation> A findAnnotation(Method method @Nullable Class<A> annotationType) { if (annotationType == null) { return null; } // Shortcut: directly present on the element with no merging needed? if (AnnotationFilter.PLAIN.matches(annotationType) || AnnotationsScanner.hasPlainJavaAnnotationsOnly(method)) { return method.getDeclaredAnnotation(annotationType); } // Exhaustive retrieval of merged annotations... return MergedAnnotations.from(method SearchStrategy.TYPE_HIERARCHY RepeatableContainers.none()) .get(annotationType).withNonMergedAttributes() .synthesize(MergedAnnotation::isPresent).orElse(null); } 封装成Advisor

注:Advisor 是 advice的包装器,包含了advice及其它信息

由InstantiationModelAwarePointcutAdvisorImpl构造完成

public InstantiationModelAwarePointcutAdvisorImpl(AspectJExpressionPointcut declaredPointcut Method aspectJAdviceMethod AspectJAdvisorFactory aspectJAdvisorFactory MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory aspectInstanceFactory int declarationOrder String aspectName) { this.declaredPointcut = declaredPointcut; this.declaringClass = aspectJAdviceMethod.getDeclaringClass(); this.methodName = aspectJAdviceMethod.getName(); this.parameterTypes = aspectJAdviceMethod.getParameterTypes(); this.aspectJAdviceMethod = aspectJAdviceMethod; this.aspectJAdvisorFactory = aspectJAdvisorFactory; this.aspectInstanceFactory = aspectInstanceFactory; this.declarationOrder = declarationOrder; this.aspectName = aspectName; if (aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().isLazilyInstantiated()) { // Static part of the pointcut is a lazy type. Pointcut preInstantiationPointcut = Pointcuts.union( aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().getPerClausePointcut() this.declaredPointcut); // Make it dynamic: must mutate from pre-instantiation to post-instantiation state. // If it's not a dynamic pointcut it may be optimized out // by the Spring AOP infrastructure after the first evaluation. this.pointcut = new PerTargetInstantiationModelPointcut( this.declaredPointcut preInstantiationPointcut aspectInstanceFactory); this.lazy = true; } else { // A singleton aspect. this.pointcut = this.declaredPointcut; this.lazy = false; this.instantiatedAdvice = instantiateAdvice(this.declaredPointcut); } }

通过pointcut获取advice

private Advice instantiateAdvice(AspectJExpressionPointcut pointcut) { Advice advice = this.aspectJAdvisorFactory.getAdvice(this.aspectJAdviceMethod pointcut this.aspectInstanceFactory this.declarationOrder this.aspectName); return (advice != null ? advice : EMPTY_ADVICE); }

交给aspectJAdvisorFactory获取

@Override @Nullable public Advice getAdvice(Method candidateAdviceMethod AspectJExpressionPointcut expressionPointcut MetadataAwareAspectInstanceFactory aspectInstanceFactory int declarationOrder String aspectName) { // 获取切面类 Class<?> candidateAspectClass = aspectInstanceFactory.getAspectMetadata().getAspectClass(); validate(candidateAspectClass); // 获取切面注解 AspectJAnnotation<?> aspectJAnnotation = AbstractAspectJAdvisorFactory.findAspectJAnnotationOnMethod(candidateAdviceMethod); if (aspectJAnnotation == null) { return null; } // If we get here we know we have an AspectJ method. // Check that it's an AspectJ-annotated class if (!isAspect(candidateAspectClass)) { throw new AopConfigException("Advice must be declared inside an aspect type: " "Offending method '" candidateAdviceMethod "' in class [" candidateAspectClass.getName() "]"); } if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) { logger.debug("Found AspectJ method: " candidateAdviceMethod); } // 切面注解转换成advice AbstractAspectJAdvice springAdvice; switch (aspectJAnnotation.getAnnotationType()) { case AtPointcut: // AtPointcut忽略 if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) { logger.debug("Processing pointcut '" candidateAdviceMethod.getName() "'"); } return null; case AtAround: springAdvice = new AspectJAroundAdvice( candidateAdviceMethod expressionPointcut aspectInstanceFactory); break; case AtBefore: springAdvice = new AspectJMethodBeforeAdvice( candidateAdviceMethod expressionPointcut aspectInstanceFactory); break; case AtAfter: springAdvice = new AspectJAfterAdvice( candidateAdviceMethod expressionPointcut aspectInstanceFactory); break; case AtAfterReturning: springAdvice = new AspectJAfterReturningAdvice( candidateAdviceMethod expressionPointcut aspectInstanceFactory); AfterReturning afterReturningAnnotation = (AfterReturning) aspectJAnnotation.getAnnotation(); if (StringUtils.hasText(afterReturningAnnotation.returning())) { springAdvice.setReturningName(afterReturningAnnotation.returning()); } break; case AtAfterThrowing: springAdvice = new AspectJAfterThrowingAdvice( candidateAdviceMethod expressionPointcut aspectInstanceFactory); AfterThrowing afterThrowingAnnotation = (AfterThrowing) aspectJAnnotation.getAnnotation(); if (StringUtils.hasText(afterThrowingAnnotation.throwing())) { springAdvice.setThrowingName(afterThrowingAnnotation.throwing()); } break; default: throw new UnsupportedOperationException( "Unsupported advice type on method: " candidateAdviceMethod); } // 最后将其它切面信息配置到advice springAdvice.setAspectName(aspectName); springAdvice.setDeclarationOrder(declarationOrder); String[] argNames = this.parameterNameDiscoverer.getParameterNames(candidateAdviceMethod); if (argNames != null) { springAdvice.setArgumentNamesFromStringArray(argNames); } springAdvice.calculateArgumentBindings(); return springAdvice; } 小结

回头看,主要是处理使用了@Aspect注解的切面类,然后将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor的过程。

postProcessAfterInitialization

有了Adisor 注入到合适的位置并交给代理(cglib和jdk)实现了。

/** * Create a proxy with the configured interceptors if the bean is * identified as one to proxy by the subclass. * @see #getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean */ @Override public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(@Nullable Object bean String beanName) { if (bean != null) { Object cacheKey = getCacheKey(bean.getClass() beanName); if (this.earlyProxyReferences.remove(cacheKey) != bean) { return wrapIfNecessary(bean beanName cacheKey); } } return bean; }

后文中将分别介绍代理的创建和实现:

  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之AOP代理的创建
  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之Cglib代理实现
  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之JDK代理实现
总结

通过上文的分析,我们做下小结:

  1. IOC Bean加载方法栈中找到parseCustomElement方法,找到parse aop:aspectj-autoproxy的handler(org.springframework.aop.config.AopNamespaceHandler)
  2. AopNamespaceHandler注册了<aop:aspectj-autoproxy/>的解析类是AspectJAutoProxyBeanDefinitionParser
  3. AspectJAutoProxyBeanDefinitionParser的parse 方法 通过AspectJAwareAdvisorAutoProxyCreator类去创建
  4. AspectJAwareAdvisorAutoProxyCreator实现了两类接口,BeanFactoryAware和BeanPostProcessor;根据Bean生命周期方法找到两个核心方法:postProcessBeforeInstantiation和postProcessAfterInitialization postProcessBeforeInstantiation:主要是处理使用了@Aspect注解的切面类,然后将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到AdvisorpostProcessAfterInitialization:主要负责将Advisor注入到合适的位置,创建代理(cglib或jdk),为后面给代理进行增强实现做准备。
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  • Spring基础 - Spring和Spring框架组成 Spring是什么?它是怎么诞生的?有哪些主要的组件和核心功能呢? 本文通过这几个问题帮助你构筑Spring和Spring Framework的整体认知。

其次,通过案例引出Spring的核心(IoC和AOP),同时对IoC和AOP进行案例使用分析。

  • Spring基础 - Spring简单例子引入Spring的核心 上文中我们简单介绍了Spring和Spring Framework的组件,那么这些Spring Framework组件是如何配合工作的呢?本文主要承接上文,向你展示Spring Framework组件的典型应用场景和基于这个场景设计出的简单案例,并以此引出Spring的核心要点,比如IOC和AOP等;在此基础上还引入了不同的配置方式, 如XML,Java配置和注解方式的差异。
  • Spring基础 - Spring核心之控制反转(IOC) 在Spring基础 - Spring简单例子引入Spring的核心中向你展示了IoC的基础含义,同时以此发散了一些IoC相关知识点; 本节将在此基础上进一步解读IOC的含义以及IOC的使用方式
  • Spring基础 - Spring核心之面向切面编程(AOP) 在Spring基础 - Spring简单例子引入Spring的核心中向你展示了AOP的基础含义,同时以此发散了一些AOP相关知识点; 本节将在此基础上进一步解读AOP的含义以及AOP的使用方式。

基于Spring框架和IOC,AOP的基础,为构建上层web应用,需要进一步学习SpringMVC。

  • Spring基础 - SpringMVC请求流程和案例 前文我们介绍了Spring框架和Spring框架中最为重要的两个技术点(IOC和AOP),那我们如何更好的构建上层的应用呢(比如web 应用),这便是SpringMVC;Spring MVC是Spring在Spring Container Core和AOP等技术基础上,遵循上述Web MVC的规范推出的web开发框架,目的是为了简化Java栈的web开发。 本文主要介绍SpringMVC的请求流程和基础案例的编写和运行。

Spring进阶 - IoC,AOP以及SpringMVC的源码分析

  • Spring进阶 - Spring IOC实现原理详解之IOC体系结构设计 在对IoC有了初步的认知后,我们开始对IOC的实现原理进行深入理解。本文将帮助你站在设计者的角度去看IOC最顶层的结构设计
  • Spring进阶 - Spring IOC实现原理详解之IOC初始化流程 上文,我们看了IOC设计要点和设计结构;紧接着这篇,我们可以看下源码的实现了:Spring如何实现将资源配置(以xml配置为例)通过加载,解析,生成BeanDefination并注册到IoC容器中的
  • Spring进阶 - Spring IOC实现原理详解之Bean实例化(生命周期 循环依赖等) 上文,我们看了IOC设计要点和设计结构;以及Spring如何实现将资源配置(以xml配置为例)通过加载,解析,生成BeanDefination并注册到IoC容器中的;容器中存放的是Bean的定义即BeanDefinition放到beanDefinitionMap中,本质上是一个ConcurrentHashMap<String Object>;并且BeanDefinition接口中包含了这个类的Class信息以及是否是单例等。那么如何从BeanDefinition中实例化Bean对象呢,这是本文主要研究的内容?
  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之切面实现 前文,我们分析了Spring IOC的初始化过程和Bean的生命周期等,而Spring AOP也是基于IOC的Bean加载来实现的。本文主要介绍Spring AOP原理解析的切面实现过程(将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor,为后续交给代理增强实现做准备的过程)。
  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之AOP代理 上文我们介绍了Spring AOP原理解析的切面实现过程(将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor)。本文在此基础上继续介绍,代理(cglib代理和JDK代理)的实现过程。
  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之Cglib代理实现 我们在前文中已经介绍了SpringAOP的切面实现和创建动态代理的过程,那么动态代理是如何工作的呢?本文主要介绍Cglib动态代理的案例和SpringAOP实现的原理。
  • Spring进阶 - Spring AOP实现原理详解之JDK代理实现 上文我们学习了SpringAOP Cglib动态代理的实现,本文主要是SpringAOP JDK动态代理的案例和实现部分。
  • Spring进阶 - SpringMVC实现原理之DispatcherServlet初始化的过程 前文我们有了IOC的源码基础以及SpringMVC的基础,我们便可以进一步深入理解SpringMVC主要实现原理,包含DispatcherServlet的初始化过程和DispatcherServlet处理请求的过程的源码解析。本文是第一篇:DispatcherServlet的初始化过程的源码解析。
  • Spring进阶 - SpringMVC实现原理之DispatcherServlet处理请求的过程 前文我们有了IOC的源码基础以及SpringMVC的基础,我们便可以进一步深入理解SpringMVC主要实现原理,包含DispatcherServlet的初始化过程和DispatcherServlet处理请求的过程的源码解析。本文是第二篇:DispatcherServlet处理请求的过程的源码解析。
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